Bunion & Hammertoe Treatment Specialist

Albert Giagnacova, DPM -  - Podiatrist

Next Step Foot and Ankle LLC

Albert Giagnacova, DPM

Podiatrist located in Philadelphia, PA & Morrisville, PA

Bunions and hammertoe are painful deformities that may not only be a cosmetic concern but also change the way you walk. Dr. Albert Giagnacova, DPM, has many years of experience treating bunions and hammertoes and provides a range of effective treatments at his practice, Next Step Foot & Ankle in Philadelphia. From symptomatic relief to modifications, custom orthotics, and surgery, Dr. Giagnacova offers a wide range of solutions. Call or use online booking to schedule an appointment today.

Bunion & Hammertoe Treatment Q & A

What are bunions?

Bunions are small, bony growths that form on the joint at the base of your big toe when it gets pushed up against the neighboring toe. This causes your big toe joint to grow and protrude outwards. Bunions are also referred to as hallux valgus deformities.

Usually, bunions feel sore and appear red in color. There are a number of foot deformities that affect the big toe and other structures of the foot that are similar to bunions, such as a bunionette, or tailor’s bunion, which is a smaller bunion that forms at the base of your little toe.

What are the symptoms of bunions?

Some of the most common symptoms of bunions include:

  • A bump sticking out the side of your big toe at its base
  • Swelling, soreness, or redness near your big toe joint
  • Calluses or corns
  • Persistent or sporadic pain
  • Restricted mobility in your big toe

Wearing shoes that don’t fit properly, genetics, arthritis, and other factors may play a role in the development of bunions as well.

How are bunions treated?

To treat your bunions, Dr. Giagnacova might recommend:

  • Custom orthotics
  • Certain medications, such as anti-inflammatories
  • Cortisone injections
  • Bunion removal surgery

Dr. Giagnacova generally performs bunion removal surgery as a quick, in-office procedure.

What is hammertoe?

A hammertoe is a deformity of the second, third, or fourth toes that can make the toe immobile if left untreated. A hammertoe typically bends and curves at the middle joint, resembling the shape of a hammer.

There are a number of possible causes of hammertoe, including:

  • High-heeled shoes or footwear that is tight-fitting and compresses your toes
  • A trauma or injury where your toe is broken or fractured
  • An abnormal balance of the toe muscles resulting in muscle instability and constriction

Hammertoe heightens your risk of forming corns and calluses. Your toe deformity may even stop your shoes from fitting properly, become painful, and affect how you walk.

How are hammertoes treated?

Dr. Giagnacova might recommend a variety of treatments for your hammertoe, including:

  • Orthotics like aperture pads, inner soles, and other foot products to improve comfort
  • Specialized exercises to reduce inflammation and strengthen the toe muscles
  • Medications such as anti-inflammatories and cortisone injections
  • Surgery to correct restricted tendons and bone structure

To take care of your feet and help avoid foot complications, it’s important to choose comfortable shoes that fit properly and be sure to get plenty of rest. Visit a trained podiatrist like Dr. Giagnacova for effective treatments to reduce your pain and improve your foot health.

Call Next Step Foot & Ankle in Philadelphia or use online booking to schedule an appointment for quality podiatric care today.